Pucketos Beagle Club is hosting a Dave Swarmer Memorial Trial on September 19 & 20. Check out the full ad for all of the details. Be sure to pass this on to anyone you know who may be interested in attending!
Dealing with Trauma in the Field: Blood, Cuts and Impalements
By Dr. Luke Peterson, DVM
In the January issue earlier this year, Dr. Diggs wrote an excellent article on what to have for first aid kits and other useful medicines. I want to build off that knowledge you have gained from his article and provide you with some care tips for some of the more serious traumatic wounds which may occur in the field. All of you have your own level of comfort with doctoring your hounds so my general advice is: if you encounter something you’re uncomfortable taking care of, seek veterinary care.
It never ceases to amaze me the variation in how people describe wounds to me, especially lacerations. I’ve had owners call me in hysterics, sure their dog would bleed to death from a cut, only to find upon examination a deep scratch that needed nothing more than a good cleansing and topical antibacterial ointment. On the other end of the spectrum, I’ve had owners call wondering if they should have their dog stitched up and upon examination find a dog with a gaping wound half the length of its body dripping blood from all ends. The two primary issues of concern with any laceration is 1) the amount of bleeding and 2) preventing infection/damage to underlying tissues. Dogs can lose about 10% of their blood volume with little or no effect to their everyday function (although a performance dog would suffer a slight decrease in stamina for 1-2 weeks). So, for a 22 pound beagle, they could lose about 100mL of blood or about 3 ½ ounces. A 20% loss in blood volume is tolerable provided they are treated with IV fluids. These dogs will require a couple of weeks to generate red blood cells back up to normal levels. Anything beyond 20% loss and a blood transfusion should be performed. When dealing with a laceration, the most important thing is to control bleeding, usually by direct pressure or by using a hemostat from your first aid kit to clamp off any squirting arteries or veins. Once you use something to apply pressure, don’t remove it from the wound until you are ready to apply a more permanent bandage or until a veterinarian is ready to repair the wound. Why? Every time you remove the bandage, you are removing the blood clot that has been laid down on the wound. This causes the wound to start bleeding again and defeats the purpose of constant pressure. If you are concerned the item you are using to apply pressure is dirty and may cause an infection remember this: dead dogs can’t fight infections, but living ones can.
Don’t miss the rest of this informative article on page 18 of our August issue.
Canine Influenza – Don’t Let the Hype Take Your Breath Away
By Dr. Luke Peterson, DVM
The media quickly locked onto the canine influenza outbreak that began in early April in the Chicago area and other nearby Midwestern states. The flu always seems to get their attention and for good reason. Historically, influenza viruses have been responsible for millions of deaths of humans, swine, poultry and other domestic animals. Luckily for us, this magnitude does not occur in dogs with influenza but that could change in the future if the virus mutates. There are always three important questions scientists seek to answer when dealing with influenza isolated from animals:
Is it zoonotic (can it infect people)?
Can it infect other species?
From where did it originate (both geographically and host species – for example, did it come from swine in Asia or poultry in California)?
Canine Influenza Background
Canine influenza in general has a relatively young existence in the United States. The most common strain H3N8 was first isolated in 2004 in racing Greyhounds. This flu strain originated in horses and has now adapted to dogs as a unique canine strain and has no evidence of being infectious to humans. The strain that has caused the most recent outbreak has been identified as H3N2 and has been reported in Alabama, California, Texas, Massachusetts, New York, Wisconsin, Michigan, New Jersey, Iowa, Indiana, and Georgia. This strain appears to be more contagious than the H3N8 strain. A recent genetic analysis shows this strain has very low potential for infecting humans. (As a side note, there is a human H3N2 influenza strain but it is not the same virus as the Canine influenza H3N2 strain.) A canine H3N2 strain was identified in Asia in 2007 originating from avian influenza and some have speculated the current US outbreak was introduced by infected dogs imported from Asia; however there is currently no evidence to support or deny this speculation.
Don’t miss the rest of this article. It’s on page 16 of our July issue!
Gray’s Buck and Skullfork Tilly
By Troy Barber
Skullfork Tilly was bred by the great John Landrum from Lumberton, Mississippi. Mr. John was inducted into the Hounds & Hunting Hall of Fame in 1982 and served on the beagle advisory committee with the AKC for a number of years. An old brace trialer, Mr. John saw a need for a field trial format suited for the gun hunter. He, along with a few others, were instrumental in developing and laying the foundation for the Deep South Beagle Gundog Federation.
Mr. John also saw the need to breed hounds more suited for gun hunting. It was this mindset that led him to breed two of his best females to Weir Creek Buzz owned by W.P. Land. Buzz went back to Fish Creek bloodlines and ultimately back to Yellow Creek breeding. Mr. John bred littermate sisters Skullfork Josey and Skullfork Princess to Buzz. These two crosses produced several offspring but none that suited Mr. John therefore he kept none of them. He sold most of them to his nephew Edward Smith and Gordon Ladner. There was a female out of Buzz x Princess named Gordon’s Little Bonnie and a male out of Buzz x Josey named Swamp Run Buzz. They (Edward and Gordon) bred Swamp Run Buzz to Gordon’s Little Bonnie; this cross produced a male named Southfork JoJo. Now keep in mind that JoJo’s parents were half-brother/sister on the top and first cousins on the bottom. Also keep in mind that the top and bottom were totally unrelated. Sometimes history gets so twisted and tangled that the real truth is lost in the midst and credit is not given where credit is due. Although seldom given credit, Gordon Ladner and Edward Smith are responsible for producing Southfork JoJo and numerous others. They eventually decided to sell all their beagles and Mr. John bought all of them but only kept Southfork JoJo and his mother Gordon’s Little Bonnie. He loved JoJo and centered his breeding program around him for the next few years. JoJo has his place in history and should be credited for it but, in my opinion, JoJo was the downfall of John Landrum and the Skullforks hounds. He bred him so tightly to his mother, daughters, granddaughters and back again that the size began to shrink along with pointed noses, poor mouths and conformation, not to mention the seizures that were magnified.
When Mr. John was brace trialing, if a dog came along with too much foot for trialing he would pass it on to some of his gun hunting buddies. Malcolm Pearson was one of those buddies and Skullfork Countiss was one of those hounds. She was also a daughter of Skullfork Princess and sired by Pearson Creek Fred. Malcolm bred Countiss to her son Black Creek Joe III, not because he thought it would work but because he was too tight wadded to pay a stud fee so he bred what was ready to what was available. I’ve heard it said that this mother/son breeding (Joe x Countiss) was an accidental mating, NOT TRUE. But regardless of these facts, this cross produced two great females named Black Creek Polly II and Black Creek Dolly. After gun hunting with Polly & Dolly their first season John Landrum saw the raw talent and ability of these two females. So eventually he talked Malcolm into allowing him to breed both of them to Southfork JoJo. The Polly/JoJo cross was made five times, Mr. John actually raised the first three litters then Malcolm saw the success of the cross and he raised the last two litters himself before selling Polly to Glynn Windham. Many of the offspring of JoJo and Polly, including Skullfork Tilly, would go on to become foundation stock for many beagle kennels throughout the south. I know it seems like I’ve gone around the world but I wanted to lay a good foundation for later discussion.
Don’t miss the rest of this article. You can find it on page 26 of our June issue.